La Canabina is a private farm of over 11,000 acres in the heart
of the chilean central Andes. It is a place of extraordinary beauty
with magnificent flora, fauna, valleys, mountains, streams, and
a beautiful lagoon. The place has witnessed a fascinating history
thanks to its location in the Cajón de San Francisco (San
Francisco Canyon), just half an hour from Los Andes City and two
hours from Santiago.
If you enjoy the outdoors and the wilderness, you
are invited to a fascinating adventure in the Cordillera de Los
Andes: Comuna de San Esteban. We offer several types of tours, on foot or horseback, with experienced guides, personal attention, survival activities, cavalry courses and approach course to the horse so you can exploit your encounter with the mountains.
The place where "La Canabina" is located now, originally was an indian settlements. That can be demonstrated by the numerous archaelogical remains that have been found there (stone utensils, vases, etc)
as well as by the interesting petroglyphs and 1000-year-old stone
During colonial times it was part of the big Hacienda San Francisco
de Regis, in the Aconcagua valley, property of the Toro-Mazote family.
The hacienda was donated to the Jesuits in 1756, who occupied it
until their expulsion in 1767. Later was a property of the Ursuline Nuns
During Independence times it was said that a famous patriot, Manuel
Rodriguez, crossed these lands regularly to go to and from Argentina.
Cajón de San Francisco would have been the pass the light
cavalry of the Liberating Army used on their way to encounter the
royal army at the famous battle of Chacabuco, which marked the first
great victory in the independence story of the country.
The Cristi family has owned La Canabina since 1928. Some members
still live there and raise horses.
Flora and Fauna
The flora includes species typical of the Andean precordillera.
Trees like maqui, maitén, peumo, lun, goyén, culen,
canelo; bushes like ñipa, crucero, guayacán, puehuén,
retamo, olivillo, husillo, colliguay, colliguaysillo, espino and
arrayán, and herbs like llantén, menta, ruda, matico,
hierba amarga, poleo, palqui, paico, quinchamalí, romero,
hierba de la vida, hierba de la papa and capacha.
The fauna consists of species like the colpeo fox, argentine gray
fox, west South American hog-nosed skunk, lesser grison, big-eared
brown bats, red bats and rodents like the coruro. At the highest
elevations, mountain lions, guanacos and the mountain vizcacha may
be found. Among the birds you can find Andean condors, black-chested
buzzard eagles, red-backed hawks, chimango caracaras, American kestrels,
bay -winged hawks, peregrine falcons, common barn owls, austral
pigmy owls, great horned owls, egrets, Chilean tinamous, Chilean
mockingbirds, common diuca-finches, long-tailed meadowlarks, mustached
turcas, shiny cowbirds, austral blackbirds, austral thrushes, gray-hooded
sierra-finches, house wrens, Andean tapaculos, tufted tit-tyrants,
green-backed firecrowns, giant hummingbirds, white-sided hillstar,
black-crowned night herons, plumbeous rails and torrent ducks. There
are also different species of snakes and lizards.
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